Wolves basic 101’s


Expressive characteristics of visual features
used during social interactions in wolves
Feature Aggressive Fearful
Eyes Direct stare
Open wide Looking away
Closed to slits
Ears Erect and forward Flattened and turned down to side
Lips Horizontal contraction
(“agonistic pucker”) Horizontal retraction (“submissive grin”)
Mouth Opened Closed
Teeth Canines bared Canines covered
Tongue Retracted Extended (“lick intention”)
Nose Shortened (skin folded) Lengthened (skin smoothed)
Forehead Contracted (bulging over eyes) Stretched (smoothed)
Head Held high Lowered
Neck Arched Extended
Hair Erect (bristled) Sleeked
Body Erect, tall Crouched, low
Tail Held high
Quivering
Tucked under body
Wagging

SOURCE: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gray_wolf

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